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Saint of the Day for 22 January: St. Vincent of Zaragoza

St. Vincent of Zaragoza: History, Martyrdom and Legacy of the Spanish Protomartyr


St. Vincent of Zaragoza


Deacon and martyr


3rd century , Zaragoza, Spain


January 22, 304, Valencia, Spain


22 January


2004 edition


pre canonization


O God, source of all good, communicate to us the power of Your Spirit that animated the deacon and martyr Vincent and made him invincible in the midst of torment, that our frail humanity may be sustained by the power of Your love. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Your Son, who is God, and lives and reigns with You, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, for ever and ever. Amen.

Patron saints of

San Vincenzo La Costa, Rignano Flaminio, Calcinato, Cernobbio, Capiago Intimiano, Caronno Varesino, Zenevredo, Nole, Cambiano, Varallo Pombia, Villar Dora, Pieve Vergonte, Casorzo, Giaglione, Orroli, Pauli Arbarei, Adrano, Semproniano, Bevagna. Saint-Vincent, Vicenza

Protector of


Roman Martyrology

St. Vincent, deacon of Zaragoza and martyr, who after suffering in the persecution of the Emperor Diocletian imprisonment, starvation, trestle and burning blades, in Valencia, Spain flew invincible to heaven to the prize for his martyrdom.


The Saint and Mission

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St. Vincent of Zaragoza represents an iconic figure in the history of Christianity, an emblem of a mission that transcends the simple act of martyrdom to become a witness of faith and courage. His story is that of a man who faced challenges and persecution with an inner strength and determination that still inspire today. St. Vincent’s mission was rooted in his unwavering dedication to the truth of his beliefs, showing a resilience and steadfastness of spirit rare in an age of great turmoil and uncertainty. His ability to maintain his faith and bear witness to his principles in the face of the most severe adversity represented not only a personal commitment but also a powerful message to the Christian community. St. Vincent, through his suffering and sacrifice, became a symbol of spiritual endurance, demonstrating that the power of faith can overcome the greatest trials. In him, we see the essence of a mission beyond the self, a dedication to a greater ideal that has the power to inspire and strengthen others. His story is not just a tale of martyrdom, but a narrative of how faith, integrity and moral strength can illuminate the darkest times, offering hope and guidance to those seeking an example of courage and genuine commitment.

The Saint and Mercy

St. Vincent of Zaragoza, in his witness of faith and martyrdom, embodies a profound aspect of Christian mercy. His story, marked by suffering and persecution, reveals a mercy that goes beyond simple compassion, showing an inner strength and unconditional love for his beliefs and for his brothers and sisters in faith. His ability to face pain and death with dignity and courage is an example of how mercy can be expressed through resilience and steadfastness in the face of adversity. St. Vincent, by his patience and indomitable spirit in the face of torture and injustice, demonstrated a form of mercy that is intrinsically linked to moral strength and fidelity to principles. His mercy was directed not only toward those who suffered with him, but also toward his persecutors, toward whom he maintained an attitude of forgiveness and understanding, despite the cruelty he endured. In this historical figure we find a unique expression of mercy: the ability to remain compassionate and humane even in the most extreme circumstances. St. Vincent of Zaragoza teaches us that true mercy manifests itself not only in comforting others, but also in maintaining the integrity of one’s own spirit and bearing witness to one’s faith with a courage that transcends personal suffering.


S. Vincent, a distinguished martyr of Jesus Christ, was born in Zaragoza, Spain. Under the discipline of Valerius, bishop of that city, he was instructed in the sciences and piety. In a short time he made such progress that he deserved to be consecrated deacon with the charge (although he was still very young) of preaching the divine word. The persecution against Christians, moved by the emperors Diocletian and Maximian in the year 303, was then raging. Prominent among the persecutors was Dacianus, governor of Spain, who ordered that all Christians be arrested and locked up in horrid prisons. Among them were arrested Vincent and Bishop Valerius. Drawn before the judge, Vincent, to whom Valerius had yielded the floor, said, “We are Christians, willing to suffer any penalty for the worship of the true God.” Dacianus contented himself with sending Valerius into exile, turning all his fury against young Vincent. First of all, he was condemned to the stretching of his limbs and to scourges, which was done to him with such agony that at the end his bones were exposed. The Jew at such a sight straightened up a little; but seeing that Vincent was eager to suffer more, he condemned him to the torment of fire, which is undoubtedly the cruelest of all punishments. Vincenzo, intrepid in the midst of those new torments, a new St. Lawrence, told the executioners…


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